Belt Dynamics, Thermal State, Tread Wear

Brake into pothole, 80kmh

Break flat

Blocking tire causes local wear and subsequent vibrations.

Side force loss

Heating of tread causes decreasing side force. Slip angle: +/- 15deg, vx=110kmh

Sine wave with decreasing wave length

Oblique sine wave with decreasing wave length

Loaded mode shape

Cleat drum test

Heavy curb riding

Steer angle sweep

Tread wear